Sanitation

When water stops coming out of the tap, the sewage system won't work, but unfortunately people will still need an appropriate place to go to the toilet.

Organise long drops throughout the community and in locations close to groups who might not have the ability to organise one themselves.

Where are suitable locations for facilities that won’t cause problems?  You don't want your long drop to contaminate any sources of drinking water, or streams

Identify and gather sanitation supplies and tools from within your community to build emergency toilets, and find people who can help dig or build toilet facilities.

Wash your hands regularly – use hand sanitiser, boiled water with soap or gloves if clean water is unavailable.

When digging a long drop dig a hole up to one metre deep and 30 to 40cm wide. After each use, cover the waste with soil or other mulch. When the hole is full to about 30cm below the surface, fill with soil and dig a new long drop.

Alternatively, use a two bucket system – one for liquids and one for solid waste. Mix with sawdust. This can be used indoors and then emptied into a hole in the ground. You can find out more information about building an emergency toilet here.

Building an emergency toilet